AP FACT CHECK: Trump exaggerations on wall, NKorea, economy

WASHINGTON (AP) — Over the previous week, President Donald Trump declared that the remains of U.S. provider individuals are “wait on dwelling the set apart they belong” from North Korea, though that mission has barely started and already has bustle correct into a roadblock. He exaggerated economic performance under his presidency and the development of the border wall that Congress, to this level, won’t pay for.

A evaluate of his contemporary rhetoric and its relationship with the facts:

NORTH KOREA

TRUMP: “The Wrong News Media loves asserting ‘so shrimp came about at my first summit with Kim Jong Un.’ Spoiled! After 40 years of doing nothing with North Korea but being taken to the cleaners, & with a famous battle ready to birth, in a transient 15 months, relationships built, hostages & remains … wait on dwelling the set apart they belong, no more Rockets or M’s being fired over Japan or any place else and, most importantly, no Nuclear Testing.” — tweets Thursday.

THE FACTS: Trump is exaggerating development with North Korea and overstating what’s been completed to return the remains of U.S. infantrymen who fought within the Korean War within the 1950s.

In August, the North despatched to the U.S. 55 containers that had been stated to hold American battle remains from North Korea. The U.S. has but to announce whether these remains are exclusively of U.S. infantrymen and how many are in these containers. As of Jan. 15, factual three had been positively identified. Meanwhile, North Korea has refused to launch negotiations with the Pentagon on phrases for recuperating and returning any of the thousands of extra remains.

Trump is splendid that North Korea has stopped test-firing missiles and conducting nuclear assessments. However North Korean leader Kim has now not denuclearized or even agreed to a knowing by which the North would stop its nuclear weapons and the sort to provide more.

At the Trump-Kim summit final June in Singapore, the leaders agreed to “work in opposition to total denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.” Their joint assertion did not give an explanation for that term or commit the North to any utter skedaddle.

The Pentagon stated in a file this month on its plans to execute bigger U.S. global defenses in opposition to missile assault that “whereas a that it’s likely you’ll maybe maybe also recall to mind contemporary avenue to peace now exists with North Korea, it continues to pose an extra special threat and the USA need to remain vigilant.”

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ECONOMY

TRUMP: “The Economy is one in every of the single in our history, with unemployment at a 50 twelve months low, and the Stock Market ready to again break a file (set apart of abode by us time and again) – & all you heard yesterday, in step with a phony account, used to be Impeachment. You remove to hold to gape a Stock Market Rupture, Impeach Trump!” — tweet Jan. 19.

THE FACTS: The economy is wholesome but now not one in every of the single in history. Moreover, there are signs it’s weakening after a spurt of growth final twelve months.

The economy expanded at an annual rate of 4.2 p.c within the 2nd quarter final twelve months. That used to be the single displaying under Trump and the most sensible in four years. Within the gradual 1990s, growth topped 4 p.c for four straight years and even reached 7.2 p.c in 1984.

As regards to all self reliant economists are anticipating slower growth this twelve months because the attain of the Trump administration’s tax cuts depart, change tensions and slower global growth retain wait on exports, and increased passion charges execute it more costly to borrow to make a selection autos and properties.

The stock market reached a file high in early October when the Dow Jones industrial average topped 26,000, but markets hold fallen and are now not about to break facts. The Dow closed at 24,737 on Friday.

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TRUMP: “The economy is doing gargantuan. Extra people working in U.S.A. this day than at any time in our HISTORY.” — tweet Thursday.

THE FACTS: It’s perfect that more persons are working now, but that’s consequently of population growth. A more connected measure is the percentage of Americans with jobs, and that’s unruffled a ways below file highs.

In step with Labor Department facts, 60.6 p.c of people within the USA 16 years and older had been working in December. That’s below the all-time high of 64.7 p.c in April 2000, though increased than the 59.9 p.c when Trump used to be inaugurated in January 2017.

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WHITE HOUSE: “President Trump is delivering on his promise to raise wait on American manufacturing. … Manufacturing added 284,000 jobs in 2018, primarily the most added in a twelve months since 1997.” — facts sheet on Trump’s first two years in place of work, tweeted Wednesday by Trump.

THE FACTS: It’s perfect that 2018 used to be the single twelve months for factory employment since 1997, but that largely illustrates how much more is mandatory to “raise wait on” manufacturing. There are of route 12.8 million factory jobs within the U.S. That less than the 13.7 million that existed factual sooner than the 2008-2009 Colossal Recession and a ways below the 17.6 million in 1997, the final time annual factory job growth used to be increased.

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WHITE HOUSE: “President Trump’s expert-growth insurance policies are unleashing economic growth …. As a result of President Trump’s expert-growth insurance policies, right atrocious home product growth exceeded 3 p.c over the final four quarters.” — facts sheet on Trump’s first two years in place of work.

THE FACTS: That’s splendid as to the level of GDP, but it doesn’t counsel growth has been “unleashed” at a spectacular rate. The 3 p.c growth within the twelve months ending within the third quarter is factual the quickest for the reason that 2nd quarter of 2015, when it reached 3.4 p.c, and below the 3.8 p.c reached within the predominant quarter of 2015.

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THE WALL

TRUMP: “Without a Wall there cannot be safety and security at the Border or for the usA. BUILD THE WALL AND CRIME WILL FALL!” — tweet Thursday.

TRUMP: “BUILD A WALL & CRIME WILL FALL! Right here is the contemporary theme, for two years until the Wall is completed (under construction now), of the Republican Social gathering. Deliver it and pray!” — tweet Wednesday.

THE FACTS: His assertion is at odds with several stories that stumbled on immigration does now not end result in increased crime. Trump’s claim that his border wall is under construction can also be deceptive.

A lot of stories from social scientists and the libertarian assume tank Cato Institute hold stumbled on that folk within the U.S. illegally are less inclined to commit crime than are American voters, and lawful immigrants are even less inclined to create so.

A March watch by the journal Criminology stumbled on “undocumented immigration does now not execute bigger violence.”

The watch, which checked out the years 1990 by 2014, stated states with bigger shares of such people hold decrease crime charges.

Besides, a watch in 2017 by Robert Adelman, a sociology professor at College of Buffalo, analyzed 40 years of crime facts in 200 metropolitan areas and stumbled on that immigrants helped decrease crime.

On construction of a wall, no contemporary miles of barrier construction had been completed under Trump. Unique fencing has been replaced or reinforced in a pair of areas. It’s perfect that many miles of barrier are in provider — about 650 miles (1,050 kilometers) of fencing — but that used to be completed by outdated administrations.

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TRUMP: “Without a Wall all of it doesn’t work.” — tweet Thursday.

THE FACTS: There might perchance be not any clear proof whether border partitions or different boundaries of route work.

The Govt Accountability Office, Congress’ auditing arm, reported in 2017 that the authorities does now not hold a method to measure how well boundaries deter unlawful immigration from Mexico. No topic $2.3 billion spent by the authorities on such construction from 2007 to 2015, the GAO stumbled on that authorities “cannot measure the contribution of fencing to frame security operations along the southwest border since it has now not developed metrics for this evaluate.”

Few people dispute that boundaries can make contributions to a pointy drop in crossings. When boundaries had been built within the Border Patrol’s Yuma, Arizona, sector within the mid-2000s, arrests for unlawful crossings plummeted 94 p.c in three years to 8,363 from 138,438. When boundaries had been built in San Diego within the 1990s and early 2000s, arrests fell 80 p.c over seven years from 524,231 in 1995 to 100,681 in 2002. However both areas also noticed intelligent will increase in Border Patrol staffing during that time, making it delicate to pinpoint why unlawful crossings fell so dramatically.

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CLINTON EMAILS

TRUMP, relating to Hillary Clinton: “Take into accout July 4th weekend when Bent went sooner than FBI & wasn’t sworn in, no tape, nothing?” — tweet Thursday.

THE FACTS: He’s factual that Clinton wasn’t attach under oath for her FBI interview and that no tape recording used to be made. However that’s the fashioned process the FBI makes spend of for questioning people, grand or now not, and who, like Clinton, agree to be interviewed and aren’t in custody.

The identical procedures would nearly indubitably apply if Trump himself ever submitted to an in-person interview with particular counsel Robert Mueller’s crew of investigators.

The notion of swearing in a examine most incessantly applies to court or congressional settings, versus more informal voluntary interviews. However it’s within the conclude a meaningless distinction since it’s a crime no topic the conditions to lie to the FBI.

Trump is sinful to counsel there’s no file of Clinton’s interview with the FBI on July 2, 2016. The FBI, again per fashioned protocol, produced a typed-up file summarizing the predominant factors of the interview. The bureau later released it, giving more transparency to the formulation than it most incessantly affords.

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JUDGES

WHITE HOUSE: “President Trump is reshaping our Federal judiciary…the President has appointed Circuit Court judges at a file tempo.” — facts sheet on Trump’s first two years in place of work, tweeted Wednesday by Trump.

THE FACTS: The White Dwelling is overstating Trump’s influence on the judiciary. It’s perfect he has appointed a file replacement of judges within the circuit (or appeals) courts. However Trump falls below at the least three extinct presidents in appointees as a part of congressionally licensed judicial seats, on condition that the federal court plan has grown in size over time. Trump also lags drastically in phrases of appointing district court judges, who address the majority of federal cases.

Trump has appointed 30 appeals judges, surpassing others in number at similar factors of their presidencies, in step with an diagnosis by Russell Wheeler, a visiting fellow at the Brookings Institution and expert on judicial appointments. These 30 judges execute up 17 p.c of congressionally licensed appeals court seats. Presidents who appointed a increased a part of appeals judges included Richard Nixon (21 judges, or 19 p.c); John F. Kennedy (18 judges, or 20 p.c) and Dwight Eisenhower (13 judges, or 39 p.c).

When along side district court judges, Trump’s 85 entire appointees dart within the wait on of 5 extinct presidents at similar factors in place of work.

The five are George W. Bush, Ninety 9; Bill Clinton, 128; Ronald Reagan, 88; Nixon, 91; and Kennedy, 111, in step with Wheeler’s diagnosis. Their appointees, at this level of their presidencies, also held a increased percentage of licensed seats than create Trump’s.

Trump has beforehand asserted incorrectly that only George Washington surpasses him in judicial appointments because because the predominant president Washington appointed the entire judges in place of work at the time.

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Connected Press writers Cal Woodward and Eric Tucker in Washington and Elliot Spagat in San Diego contributed to this file.

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