All therapies in the world of medicine are meant to better the health of any patient; and root canal therapy is not an exception. A number of patients have to undergo the process due to death of nerves in the hollow part often in the interior of a tooth. When a tooth erupts, it remains hollow exposing cells, nerve tissue and blood vessels which are responsible for depositing calcium on the inner of the pulp chamber and its extension along the roots.
There are several factors that may lead to the death of a tooth. A major one is deep decay, which often turns out the most serious as it may lead to serious infections. For that reason, deep decay calls for immediate medical attention, which also involves use of antibiotics, to help in fighting the infection.
A tooth that is vulnerable to a heavy blow may die as a consequence and might not suffer an infection; but, the body reacts by sending white blood cells to rid the tooth of dying tissues. At the tip of the root, blood accumulates causing a swelling which comes with lots of pain. In this case, antibiotics are not incorporated in the treatment as there are no bacteria involved.
In most cases, deep fillings may result into calcification of the pulp chamber. This causes a constriction of blood vessels in the tooth which leads to loss of strength of the soft tissues in a tooth. The ultimate consequence is an increase in the number of white blood cells at the root tips. These white blood cells assist by removing dead tissues.
A patient with a sore tooth must undergo proper diagnosis. Having a sore tooth may not necessarily call for root canal treatment but going for one would reduce risks of potential future complications.
Gum recession leads to exposure of teeth roots making them vulnerable to cold sensitivity. Root canal has the solution to the problem, and in most cases, a desendergositization of the root areas is the best solution.
However, if a tooth begins with cold sensitivity then progresses to severe pain when heat is applied to it, then the need for root canal treatment arises. Alternatively, one may gently tap on several teeth as a test for sensitivity. If one is predominantly sensitive to gentle percussion then that would be another symptom that calls for a root canal treatment.
All the above is done after necessary x-rays have been taken just to make sure the accurate treatment is issued out to a patient. If an x-ray shows a dark area around the root structure, then a tooth requires a root canal treatment. Before the procedure commences, a patient is given a strong anesthetic to numb the nerves thus minimizing pain. Root canal treatment begins as if it were a regular filling of a tooth then proceeds to advanced levels.
Root canal therapy is important in treating lots of complications faced by the dental formula. If any symptoms mentioned above persist, it is advisable to seek quick medical attention.